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midi:modifiers [2015/11/02 23:11]
Musink Admin
midi:modifiers [2018/05/12 22:37] (current)
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 +====== Modifiers ======
 +Musink pays attention to marks and text when playing back or exporting a score to MIDI. 
 +===== Duration =====
 +  * Ties combine notes' durations when they tie notes of the same pitch. ​
 +  * Staccato and Snap Pizzicato marks will //​moderately//​ shorten a notes' duration. ​
 +  * Staccatissimo marks will //​strongly//​ shorten a note's duration.
 +===== Drums and Percussion =====
 +Noteheads and marks affect which sounds percussion staves create. For a look up of all combinations,​ see [[writing:​percussionists|]].
 +===== Dynamics (Volume & Velocity) =====
 +==== Terminology ====
 +In MIDI, velocity refers to how //hard// a note is played, whereas volume refers to how loud a note is. Velocity affects both the volume and timbre of a note. For example, a guitar strummed strongly //sounds different// to a guitar played softly but amplified to the same volume. To best simulate an actual performance,​ Musink sets the velocity, rather than volume, of individual notes. You can consider the terms //​Dynamics//​ and //​Velocities//​ to be more-or-less interchangeable here.
 +==== Setting Channel (Track) Volume ====
 +See [[midi:​volume|]].
 +==== Setting Velocity ====
 +To calculate velocity, Musink takes into account marks, such as accents, as well as text, and crescendos. Musink supports the General MIDI velocity standard range (0 to 127). If you wish to alter the velocity, but not have a mark appear in the published score, you can [[publishing:​publish_visibility|exclude the mark from publishing]].
 +To create dynamics using text:
 +  - **Create a [[writing:​text_marks|text mark]].** It does not matter which type of text mark you choose.
 +  - **Double-click** the text mark to edit it
 +  - **Change the text** to one of the expressions listed below
 +  - **Click away from the text mark** to deselect it
 +==== Expressions ====
 +You can specify dynamics (velocity) by creating a [[writing:​text_marks|text mark]] that contains one of the following expressions:​
 +^ Expression ^ Velocity ^
 +|ppp | Minimum |
 +|pianissimo | Very Quiet |
 +|pp | Very Quiet |
 +|piano | Quiet |
 +|p | Quiet |
 +|mezzo piano | Moderately Quiet |
 +|mezzo-piano | Moderately Quiet |
 +|mezzopiano | Moderately Quiet |
 +|mp | Moderately Quiet |
 +|mezzo forte | Moderately Loud |
 +|mezzo-forte | Moderately Loud |
 +|mezzoforte | Moderately Loud |
 +|mf | Moderately Loud |
 +|forte | Loud |
 +|f | Loud |
 +|fortissimo | Very Loud |
 +|ff | Very Loud |
 +|fff | Maximum |
 +==== Accents ====
 +Accents and Marcatos increase the velocity of their notes. ​
 +==== Crescendos ====
 +Crescendos and Decrescendos allow a gradual change in velocity. To use a crescendo:
 +  - [[writing:​standalone_marks|Create]] a crescendo mark
 +  - **Set its text** on the left to the velocity you wish to start at (e.g. "​forte"​) (Optional)
 +  - **Set its text** on the right to the velocity you wish to end at (Required)
 +===== Sustain Pedal =====
 +Musink sends sustain pedal (Hold Pedal 1; Controller Type 64) messages when it comes across Pedal Up and Pedal Down marks. To add these marks, see [[writing:​standalone_marks|Standalone Marks]]. This functionality was introduced in Musink version
 +===== Tempo =====
 +The tempo of your score can be set using [[writing:​text_marks|text marks]]. See [[midi:​tempo]].